Yazd Jameh Mosque
Yazd | Mosque
As you walk into Jameh Mosque, you cannot imagine what historical events the present mosque has gone through to reach its current position. It was founded in the place of or beside a Zoroastrian fire temple in Sassanid era.
The first mosque here was Atiq (old) Jameh Mosque built on Amr-o-leis Saffari’s order in the 2nd half of the 9th century AD. It did not bear any ornaments. Later, at the time of Al-Kakuid, another mosque called Garshasbi or Jameh Dardeh was established next to Atiq mosque on Garshasb-Ibn- Faramarz’s order. In the 2nd half of the 11th century the last Kakubi rulers who were female added a gallery and a mausoleum to the mosque. The last mosque built on this site is the new Jameh Mosque which is believed to be by Seyyed Rokn-ad-Din Mohammad Qazi. Eventually, during Fath-Ali shah Qajar’s rule, the deviation of Qibla was corrected and the remains of the three mosques were connected to form a great mosque with a large courtyard.
In the 14th century, during Timurid era on Fatemeh Khatoon’s order, marble was brought from Tabriz for the decoration of Iwan and the area in front of it. Its wooden pulpit was also tiled.
Before entering this magnificent mosque it is good to know it has four courtyards and its double layer dome was constructed in Ilkhanid Mongols era. The indirect lighting of the mosque is produced by light glancing off the white plaster of the dome and the walls.
As you enter the courtyard and go past the platform and through the tall portal at the height of over 24m, your eyes catch some stone tablets placed on the wall by rulers of different eras. Another eye-catching image you might notice is the ceiling of the Iwan where 99 names of God are written in Kufic style.
After your enjoyable tour of this stunning old mosque if you stand in the courtyard and look up, you will see two magnificent 50-meter-high minarets flanking the mosque, they were added to the structure during the Safavid king’s rule, Shah Tahmaseb on Mehtar Jamal’s order and looked different in terms of tilework until 1934. Interestingly, one of the minarets has two stairways, one for ascending and the other for descending but the other minaret has one access way to the top.