Shazdeh Persian Garden
Kerman | Garden
Shazdeh garden, located in the vicinity of Shah Nematollah Vali’s mausoleum, was built by a proficient architect and during the governorship of Abdul Hamid Farmanfarma (between 1830 and 1849). As the garden was created on steep terrain, some stairs and steps were added to form a terraced garden.
Although Farmanfarma passed away before the completion of the garden, he created a neatly planned garden whose majesty and grandeur is rare. Wonderful display of water at horizontal and vertical levels in a cascading series of fountains is a remarkable feature of this terraced garden which parades the most picturesque scenes of a Persian garden.
The history of terraced gardens at the foot of mountains in Iran dates back to ancient times. According to historical accounts, Nebuchadnezzar, the strong Babylonian king, ordered the construction of a hill with terraced gardens in an attempt to please his wife, Semiramis of Medes dynasty, who was Persian in origin. Thus, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world i.e. the Hanging Gardens of Babylon was built to be reminiscent of the queen’s mountainous homeland. This point implies that there had been terraced gardens in the Median Empire.
Shazdeh garden incorporates all features of Persian gardens. In general, when you stand at the gateway, 12 levels one on top of another come into sight. Built at various elevations varying between 1 and 1.5 meters high, these levels are connected by certain steps. The difference in elevations lowers towards the upper fountains. Such geometric system gives a specific perspective to the garden which adds to the profundity of the garden and offers visitors relative peace. You can get the best view of the garden and fruit groves from the mansion on top of the hill. The vegetation cover of the garden includes such trees as cedar, plane, poplar and spruce whose shade is in the direction of the path. The mansion has two storeys and bears much artistic Persian architectures such as vaults, Muqarnas and round columns. Behind the mansion, there is a secluded orchard. Water enters this orchard through some irregular canals and then joins the vertical and horizontal streams.